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10 Spitfire Facts



Supermarine Spitfire

Anne Frank Timeline

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  • Anne (Annelies Marie) Frank is born in Frankfurt, Germany to parents Otto and Edith.
  • Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany. One month later, following an arson attack on the parliament building (Reichstag), Hitler introduces emergency laws that repress any political opponents.
  • The first concentration camp in Germany opens, at Dachau, near Munich.
  • The Frank family move to Holland to escape the growing persecution in Germany.
  • Germany invades Poland in defiance of an Anglo-French ultimatum. Two days later, Britain and France declare war on Germany. World War Two begins.
  • Anne receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
  • Margot Frank receives a call-up notice from the Nazis to return to Germany to work in a labour camp. The next day, the Frank family go into hiding in the Secret Annex above Otto’s offices.
  • Dentist Fritz Pfeffer joins the Franks and the Van Pelses in hiding in the Secret Annex (Anne gave Fritz Pfeffer the pseudonym Albert Dussel in her diary).
  • The annex is raided by the security police following an anonymous tip-off. All occupants and two helpers are arrested and sent to Westerbork transit camp.
  • The occupants of the annex are transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp on the last train to leave Westerbork.
  • Anne and her sister Margot are transported from Auschwitz-Birkenau to Bergen Belsen concentration camp.
  • Anne and Margot both die of typhus, only a few days apart. Bergen Belsen camp is liberated by British troops on 15 April.
  • Hitler commits suicide as Soviet troops close in on his bunker in Berlin. Eight days later, Germany surrenders to end World War Two in Europe.
  • Otto Frank was the only occupant of the Secret Annex to survive. Miep Gies saved Anne’s diary following the raid on the annex and returned it, unread, to Otto after the war.
  • Anne’s diary is first published in Dutch. It has now been translated into 50 languages and is one of the world’s most popular books.